present scientific of the world, where the man is
accustomed to quick results, putting a question mark on
the utility and importance of spiritual activities like
worship & devotion is, but natural.
Not only does devotion & worship demand a continuous
and contact effort, but also faith and belief, which are
the two pillars upon which the construction of Devotion
When a person listen's to the qualitities, sing
devotional songs in the praise of the supreme Lord, and
remember him, with complete faith and devotion, he
acquires such firmness of character, which help's him to
control and pacify his sensual desires like lust, anger
etc. This happens because of the environment which is
created as a result of these activities. This
environment affects the surroundings in the some way as
the fragrance of the flower is carried to all around it,
by the air.
Therefore it is beneficial for each man to engage
himself in devotion and worship, to have full control
over the sensual desires. Even being in the company of a
worshipper helps in that objective.
THE NECESSITY FOR THE WORSHIP OF THE FIVE
The methods of worship practised in the Sanatan Dharma
is completely scientific, because the rituals which are
performed to worship the five dieties (PANCH
MAHABHUTA), The matter constitutes of these PANCHA
TATVA or PANCH MAHABHUTA and each of the PANCH DEVA
are considered to be PANCH MAHABHUTA - EARTH,
WATER, FIRE ETHER (Sky), AIR as the Lord of the
each of the element
These five basic elements exists because of the three
qualities of the nature i.e. SATVA (PURE), RAJA
(INFERIOR TO SATVA) & TAMA (DARK)
Out of the five basic elements of which every matter is
made ETHER or Sky is considered to be
constituted of Pure quality (SATVA GUNA),
where as the AIR is considered to be a mixture of SATVA
& RAJA quality, the FIRE is RAJO GUNA, the EARTH
constitutes of DARK QUALITY (TAMO GUNA), where as the
WATER constitutes of a mixture of RAJA & TAMA GUNAS
living beings which exist in this world, have the five
basic elements as the constitutes of the body, from
which their bodies are made. Goswami Tulidas has written
in the Ramcharitmanas
JALA PAAVAKA GAGAN SAMEERA,
PANCHA RACHITA YAHA ADHAMA SAREERA
`mean' body is made up of Earth, Water, Fire, Air and
Ether. The mans nature is directly proportional to the
presence of certain excessive element in his body.
Although Lord Vishnu being the supreme power is the only
worthy of reverence or worship, yet the fact is that the
common man worship the deities according to their
nature, which itself depends upon the five basic
THE FIVE DEITIES (PANCHA-DEVA)
The following shloko describes about the five deities as
the Lord of each of the five basic elements.
Meaning : (The Lord of 'ether' is Vishnu, the Lordess of
'Fire' is Durga, Sun is the Lord of 'Air', Shiva is the
Lord of 'Earth' and Ganesha is the Lord of 'Water'.
A person who has one of these element as dominant,
prefers to worship that deity, who is the master of that
excessive element which dominated his body. And this is
the reason we see so many sects, methods of worship etc.
DIVISION OF SECTS
Those who worship 'Ganapati' are called 'GAANAPATYA'
(worshipper of Ganesh)
Those who worship 'Shakti' are called 'SHAAKTA'
Those who worship 'Lord Shiva' are 'SHAIVA'
Those who worship 'Lord Vishnu' are called 'VAISHNAVA'
worship of the five deities actually is the worship of
the basic elements from which the body of a human being
is made. As a result of this body becomes healthy &
strong. Therefore it is a must for every human being.
THE IMPORTANCE OF ADORATION IN WORSHIP
All of the three duties or actions (KARMA) come under
the act of adoration or reverence. The three duties
DAILY DUTIES (NITYA-KARMA)
Daily Duties (Nitya
Duties performed with
an aspiration for a specific purpose (Naimittika
Spiritual Duties (Aadhyatmika
duties or actions are considered to be the daily duties,
by the performance of which one attains no virtues, but
by the non-performance of which, one certainly commits
sin for example taking bath, doing worship during the
dusktime (SANDHYA)sprinkling water in
reverence to the deceased ancestors (Tarpana)
and worshipping the deities etc.
DUTIES PERFORMED WITH AN ASPIRATION FOR A
SPECIFIC PURPOSE (NAIMITTIKA-KARMA)
Those duties which are performed with an aspiration for
a specific purpose are called NAIMITTIKA KARMA,
and his desires are certainly fulfilled because of those
actions. But on the other hand if those duties or
actions are not performed then he does not get those
results. For example if a sonless father does duties
according to the methods described in the sacred books,
to have a son, then his desires will certinly be
SPIRITUALS DUTIES OR ACTIONS (AADHYATMIKA KARMA)
Those duties which are performed without having any
desires, are called spiritual duties or actions. Even if
they are not performed they do not give inauspicious
Apart from these three types of duties by which a man
can worship, there are also other methods by which he
can worship, like the yogis do in the state of deep
meditation (SAMAADHEE) by having full
control over there respiration.
Our revered sages have classified the religious duties
into three categories -
Duties or Actions
Devotion or Worship (Upaasana)