VASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE ORIENTATION
Vaastu Shastra lays down guidelines to aid you in the selection of a plot with the ideal direction. As Vaastu is a science, there is logic and reasoning behind every guideline. As a Vaastu Expert, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don't.
WHICH IS THE BEST DIRECTION FOR A PLOT?
In ancient text of Vaastu guidelines to aid in the Selection of a plot with the ideal Orientation are based on Common sense, scientific reasoning and logic. As per Vaastu:
All directions are considered good and each has its own advantages. The only reason I understand is; in any city or town, there are roads in all four directions and naturally there have to be houses on both sides of the roads. Also, the city looks more aesthetic if there are houses in all the four directions. Hence, according to Vaastu, all plots are considered good.
East facing Plot is good for scholars, philosophers, priests, professors, teachers etc. The Logic- East (morning sun rays) is considered the source of enlightenment. North facing plot is good for those in power, administration and those who work for government. South facing plot is good for business class and for those who work in business organizations at management level. West facing plot is more suitable for those who provide supporting services to the society.
The reason why Vaastu attributes each direction to a different class of people is because in ancient times, Indian society was divided into four classes of people, based on their occupations. But gradually these classes became castes and there was very little social mixing between the castes and so people of each caste preferred being with their own people. Hence their homes were grouped together.
VAASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE SOIL
In ancient Vaastu text proper guidelines have been prescribed to aid you in the selection of a plot or site with the ideal soil type. As Vaastu is a science, there is logic and reasoning behind every guideline. As a Vaastu Expert, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don't.
ACCORDING TO VASTU SHASTRA, WHAT IS THE IDEAL TYPE OF SOIL IN A SITE?
To construct a building for any purpose, land is required. And it is a fact the land has not been previously not allocated for the same. It has to be some or the other kind of site that has to be used. It should be correctly noted for what purpose the land was being used previously.
While purchasing land, it is ideal to buy a piece of land that is most suitable for cultivation i.e., where the vegetation can grow. There are different types of soil based on the colour- brick red, dark brown, white, red, yellow, black etc. Generally the soil which is good for cultivation like red, brick red, brown, yellow soil etc is also good for the foundation of a building. Whereas, black and clayey soil which is not good for cultivation is also not good for buildings as it retains water and can cause dampness to the foundation.
It is advised to avoid a site with black and clayey soil. The Reason being, the black soil indicates soil that retains water and doesn't allow good drainage. It is best to avoid such a site because it will require special kind of foundation and water-proofing which will cost many time more than the usual foundation.
Again avoid rocky piece of land for construction purpose. Land with too many rocks and thorny trees is not considered good. This is because it may be an indication that there is rock below which will have to be blasted out before laying the foundation, causing unexpected expenditure.
A land with lot of worms should be avoided. This may be an indication that the soil is very loose and will not support the foundation well.
DIRECTION OF THE PLOT
· Plot facing East is good for scholars, philosophers, priests, professors, teachers etc.
· Plot facing North is good for those in power, administration and those who work for government.
· Plot facing South is good for business class and for those who work in business organization.
· Plot facing West is for those who provide supporting services to the society.
ENVIRONMENT OR SURROUNDINGS OF THE PLOT
This is also very important. If the surroundings are not good, we suffer in many ways.
· Plots that are fertile with plants and greeneries are very good.
· A river or big canal in North side and if the water flows from West to East, it is good.
· Similarly if the canal is on East side of the plot with water flowing from South to North, that is also good.
· Plots with rivers or canal flowing on West or South side of the plot should be avoided.
· Hills, hillocks, mounds of Earth, big boulders etc. on the Southern, South- West and Western sides of the plot are good: in other sides, it may hamper the progress.
· There should be no graveyard, cemetery or tomb adjacent to the plot or in the front or back.
· Location of a public place of worship near the plot also affects the inmates. Such a place on the right side of a plot can cause material loss, on left may bring grief and sorrow, in the front can obstruct progress and if they are 100 feet apart, those disastrous results are minimized.
· Similarly avoid having plot near to Cinema-theatres, schools and colleges.
OBSTRUCTION IN FRONT OF MAIN GATE OF PLOT
If the types of obstructions listed below exist facing the main gate of the plot, various problems may arise:
· Big Tree: Obstruction to the progress of children.
· Gutter or Ditch: Grief.
· Pointing corner of another building: Mental unrest.
· Water Drainage: Draining of income due to unexpected expenses.
· Straight Street: Affects longevity of inmates.
· Dilapidated House or Walls: Affect prosperity.
· Staircase Railings: May cause sadness.
· Pillars, Electric and Telephone Post: Affect females.
SURROUNDINGS AND NEIGHBORS
The surroundings of our neighboring houses on all sides also affect us.
• High-rise tall buildings should not be there In the North East side of the plot because they may cause mental unrest. However, if they are located in South, South-West or Western sides then it will be auspicious to the buyer of the new plot or house.
• Do not purchase a smaller plot in between two neighboring big plots. Similarly, do not buy a smaller house, which exists between two tall buildings. This may make the buyer poorer day by day.
CHECKING UP MATERIALS/SOIL TYPE
That comes up while doing excavation for construction. Different types of soils have different effects on the inhabitants.
GETTING RID OF ‘SHALYA DOSH’ (Soil Deficiency)
If the soil is found defective, it must be purified or cleansed before starting any construction in the plot. ‘Shastras’ have laid many ways for getting rid of ‘SHALYA DOSH’.
SIZE AND SHAPE OF THE PLOT
Bigger the size, better it is. Plots are of different shapes and sizes and they affect the inmates in different ways, for example:
1. Square (all corners straight and at 90°) shaped is very auspicious, brings health, wealth and happiness.
2. Rectangular Shaped is good and auspicious. Brings all round prosperity.
3. Circular Shaped is good for constructing circular shaped buildings only.
4. Wheel Shaped plot owner may lose financial status and face poverty.
5. Odd Shaped (irregular shaped) plot can cause all types or problems and poverty.
6. Triangular Shaped plot can affect progress and cause problems from government.
7. Pentagonal plot (‘Panch Mukhi’): Such plot should not be inhabited before making it a rectangular plot otherwise; it will bring legal litigations and false allegations.
8. Octagonal (‘Astha-Kon’) plot: Is auspicious and will bring all round prosperity.
9. ‘Simha Mukhi’ (Lion Faced) like a lion’s face wider in front: Not good for residential purposes. Is auspicious for business organization.
10. ‘Gaumukhi’ (Cow Faced) like a cow face narrow in front: Auspicious if the roads are there in Southern and Western sides of plot.
PROJECTIONS, RETRACTIONS AND CLOSING OF CORNERS
Plots are always not available in the shape of perfect square, rectangular or quadrangle. Projections means an additional space which when subtracted from the plot, makes it a regular square or rectangle. While retraction means an additional space which when added to the plot, makes it a regular square or rectangle.
GENERAL VASTU TIPS FOR PLOTS:
1. Plot should be square of rectangular. Square would be best. If it is rectangle then the ratio of length to breadth should be 1:2 and not more than that.
2. The ground level should be higher in South & West rather than North and East.
3. Plots facing North or East are better than those facing South or West.
4. A canal, a lake, river, drainage, a pond should be in North or East only.
5. Heavy construction or mountains should be in West or South of the plot.
6. There should not be any big tree in North or East of the plot.
7. There should not be any pit or well in South or West direction.
8. All four corners should be at 90 degree angles. If only North-East is extended i.e. if it is less than 90 degree, it will do.
9. All rainwater should flow from South to North and West to East.
10. South-West should be highest & North-East should be lowest in level.
11. If all the corners are not at 90 degrees angle then we should correct it before starting the construction.
12. If the dead end of a road is coming in the plot then it should be taken care of because some are good & some are bad. This is called ‘Vidhi Shoola’.
13. There should not be hills or mountains in East or North side of your plot.
Engineer Rameshwar Prasad
(B.Tech., M.Tech., P.G.D.C.A., P.G.D.M.)